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Lots of programming languages to choose from and you don’t know where to start? This listicle is for you! We’re discussing the best programming languages of 2020 today.

许多编程语言可供选择,您不知道从哪里开始? 这个清单适合您! 今天,我们正在讨论2020年最好的编程语言。

I’ll go over a quick brief about the language and show you a hello world code snippet for each of the languages so you get a brief idea of the language!


2020年最佳编程语言列表 (List of the Best Programming Languages in 2020)

For our lazy ones out there, here’s a short summary of the top 10 languages.


  1. Python – The go-to programming language for AI and Machine learning

    Python – AI和机器学习的首选编程语言
  2. Java – The best programming language for server-side back-end development

    Java –服务器端后端开发的最佳编程语言
  3. JavaScript – The popular choice for client-side scripting

    JavaScript –客户端脚本的流行选择
  4. C++ – The best programming language for general-purpose coding

    C ++ –通用编码的最佳编程语言
  5. C – The most trusted language to date

    C –迄今为止最受信任的语言
  6. Ruby – The proven choice for data science and web development

    Ruby –数据科学和Web开发的可靠选择
  7. C# – A powerful object-oriented language by Microsoft

    C# –微软强大的面向对象语言
  8. Swift – The most efficient programming language for iOS development

    Swift – iOS开发中最有效的编程语言
  9. PHP – The best server-side web development language

    PHP –最好的服务器端Web开发语言
  10. Golang – A scalable system programming language by Google

    Golang – Google的可扩展系统编程语言

Now that we’re down with the list, let’s get started with the complete list right away.


#1。 Python – AI和机器学习的首选编程语言 (#1. Python – The go-to programming language for AI and Machine learning)

Developed in the 1990s by Guido van Rossum, Python is arguably the one language loved by everyone. It has a low learning curve, and the language holds the capacity to function in an industry-level setting.

Python由Guido van Rossum在1990年代开发,可以说是所有人都喜欢的一种语言。 它的学习曲线很低,并且语言具有在行业级别设置中起作用的能力。

Python was a language developed with a focus on developer experience. 


It has a simple and elegant syntax along with an active community. Python is widely used in the fields of AI, machine learning, data science and web development.

它具有简单优雅的语法以及活跃的社区。 Python被广泛用于AI,机器学习,数据科学和Web开发领域。

Hello World code snippet in Python:

Python中的Hello World代码段

print("Hello World")

#2。 Java –服务器端后端开发的最佳编程语言 (#2. Java – The best programming language for server-side back-end development)

Java is to JavaScript what Car is to Carpet – Chris Heilman, Author – Beginning Javascript with DOM Scripting

Java对JavaScript就像地毯对汽车一样 –克里斯·海尔曼(Chris Heilman),作者-从DOM脚本开始使用Javascript

Java was developed in an effort to create a simple, object-oriented interpreted programming language. It was to act as an alternative to C++ which was widely used in business applications of the 90s. But over time, Java far surpassed C++ in terms of popularity due to its lower learning barrier and the highly distributable nature of Java code. 

开发Java是为了创建一种简单的,面向对象的解释型编程语言。 它是对90年代商业应用中广泛使用的C ++的替代。 但是随着时间的流逝,由于其较低的学习障碍和Java代码的高度可分配性,Java的普及程度已远远超过C ++。

Java, with the help of the Java Virtual Machine, is a language that is independent of platforms. This makes it the most popular programming language for enterprises. Java is widely used in the fields of application development, Big data, and web development.

在Java虚拟机的帮助下,Java是一种独立于平台的语言。 这使其成为企业中最受欢迎的编程语言。 Java广泛应用于应用程序开发,大数据和Web开发领域。

Hello World code snippet in Java:

Java中的Hello World代码段:

public class HelloWorld
 public static void main(String[] args)
  System.out.println("Hello World");

#3。 JavaScript –客户端脚本的流行选择 (#3. JavaScript – The popular choice for client-side scripting)

JavaScript was developed by Brendan Eich for Netscape during the first browser war. Despite starting with poor design and lack of features, JavaScript grew to become a dynamic high-level programming language.

JavaScript是Brendan Eich在第一次浏览器大战期间为Netscape开发的。 尽管从不良的设计和缺少的功能开始,JavaScript逐渐发展成为一种动态的高级编程语言。

Javascript is the duct tape of the internet – Chris campbell, author – Time.com

Javascript是互联网的胶带 –克里斯·坎贝尔(Chris Campbell),作者– Time.com

With the breakthroughs of Node.js and AngularJS, JavaScript became the undisputed frontrunner in-browser programming today.


JS offers event-driven programming which supports application requirements which heavily depend on I/O tasks. JavaScript is widely used in the fields of web development, back-end development and serverless computing.

JS提供了事件驱动的编程,可支持很大程度上依赖于I / O任务的应用程序需求。 JavaScript广泛用于Web开发,后端开发和无服务器计算领域。

Hello world code snippet in Javascript:

Java语言中的Hello World代码段:

 alert('Hello World');

#4。 C ++ –通用编码的最佳编程语言 (#4. C++ – The best programming language for general-purpose coding)

Developed as an extension of C, C++ was originally aimed to create a language which could bring object-oriented features to the popular C language.

作为C语言的扩展而开发的C ++最初旨在创建一种语言,该语言可以将流行的C语言带来面向对象的功能。

Over time, it evolved further as a general-purpose language with low-level memory access and complete hardware control. C++ is a language that probably offers the widest variety of features which makes it really complicated to master.

随着时间的流逝,它进一步发展为具有低级内存访问和完整硬件控制的通用语言。 C ++是一种可能提供最广泛功能的语言,这使其掌握起来确实很复杂。

C++ can work on every platform and take advantage of any kind of hardware. It is a really fast programming language which makes it popular for use in systems with resource-restraints. C++ is widely used in the fields of system programming, game development, IoT and embedded systems.

C ++可以在每个平台上运行,并可以利用任何类型的硬件。 这是一种非常快速的编程语言,这使其很受资源限制的系统使用。 C ++广泛用于系统编程,游戏开发,IoT和嵌入式系统领域。

Hello world code snippet in C++:

C ++中的Hello World代码段:

using namespace std;

void main() {
    cout<<"Hello World";

#5。 C –迄今为止最受信任的语言 (#5. C – The most trusted language to date)

Developed in the 1960s, C was created with one major requirement: being a general-purpose language which could efficiently use system resources. It was a time when every memory byte was essential.

C语言于1960年代开发,创建时有一个主要要求:它是一种通用语言,可以有效地使用系统资源。 在那个时候,每个内存字节都是必不可少的。

As C++ was based on C, they share functionalities such as low-level memory access and complete hardware control.

由于C ++基于C,因此它们共享诸如低级内存访问和完整的硬件控制之类的功能。

C is platform-dependent and tough to master. Yet even today it is one of the most used programming languages. It is also the language which inspired countless others such as Ruby, C++, Python and PHP. C is widely used in the fields of system programming, game development, IoT and embedded systems.

C是平台相关的,很难掌握。 直到今天,它仍然是最常用的编程语言之一。 它也是启发无数其他语言(例如Ruby,C ++,Python和PHP)的语言。 C广泛用于系统编程,游戏开发,IoT和嵌入式系统领域。

Hello world code snippet in C:


void main()
    printf("Hello World");

#6。 Ruby –数据科学和Web开发的可靠选择 (#6. Ruby – The proven choice for data science and web development)

Ruby started as an object-oriented scripting language. But over time, it grew into an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. It has a fairly flat learning curve, with a focus on developer productivity and experience.

Ruby最初是一种面向对象的脚本语言。 但是随着时间的流逝,它发展成为一种解释性的高级通用编程语言。 它的学习曲线相当平坦,侧重于开发人员的生产力和经验。

It combines some of the best features of all popular programming languages. It is dynamic, functional and concise. 

它结合了所有流行编程语言的一些最佳功能。 它是动态的,实用的和简洁的。

Further, it has an active community along with excellent framework support. Ruby is widely used in the field of web development, data analysis and AI development.

此外,它拥有活跃的社区以及出色的框架支持。 Ruby广泛用于Web开发,数据分析和AI开发领域。

Hello world code snippet in Ruby:

Ruby中的Hello World代码段

puts "Hello World"

#7。 C#–微软强大的面向对象语言 (#7. C# – The powerful object-oriented language by Microsoft)

Microsoft developed C# as a C-like programming language with object-oriented features. This was part of their .NET project. Initially, the language was seen as a copy of Java. However, future developments brought a clear, distinct identity to C#. 

Microsoft将C#开发为具有面向对象功能的类C编程语言。 这是他们的.NET项目的一部分。 最初,该语言被视为Java的副本。 但是,未来的发展为C#带来了清晰而独特的身份。

C# offers a great developer experience. With Microsoft’s backing and presence of over two decades, it has numerous libraries and frameworks.

C#提供了出色的开发人员经验。 在Microsoft的支持和超过20年的存在下,它拥有众多的库和框架。

Further, it is a platform-independent programming language. C# is widely used in the fields of system programming, game development, web development and app development.

此外,它是与平台无关的编程语言。 C#广泛用于系统编程,游戏开发,Web开发和App开发领域。

Hello world code snippet in C#:

C#中的Hello World代码段:

namespace HelloWorld
    class Hello
        static void Main(string[] args)
            Console.WriteLine("Hello World");

#8。 Swift – iOS开发中最有效的编程语言 (#8. Swift – The most efficient programming language for iOS development)

Swift is a powerful general-purpose, compiled programming language by Apple. Developed last decade, it has already effectively replaced C for software development on the Mac and iOS platforms.

Swift是Apple强大的通用编译语言。 它开发于过去十年,已经有效地替代了C,用于Mac和iOS平台上的软件开发。

Its concise syntax and focus on developer productivity have seen the language begin expanding to other platforms.


Swift offers great features due to being a modern language while being fast enough to be compared to C++. Today Swift is widely used in the fields of iOS app development, system programming, deep learning and IoT.

Swift是一种现代语言,它具有出色的功能,同时又足够快,可以与C ++进行比较。 如今,Swift已广泛用于iOS应用程序开发,系统编程,深度学习和IoT领域。

Hello world code snippet in Swift:

Swift中的Hello World代码段

print("Hello World")

#9。 PHP –最好的服务器端Web开发语言 (#9. PHP – The best server-side web development language)

Initially developed as a set of Common Gateway Interface binaries for developing dynamic web applications, PHP transformed into a complete programming language over the years.


It has been used to create web applications for over 35 years, with multiple frameworks being available for the developers.


Despite falling in popularity recently, PHP is still one of the most widely used programming languages.


It finds applications mainly in the fields of server-side and standalone web application development along with the development of CMS systems.


Hello world code snippet in PHP:

PHP中的Hello World代码段:

echo "Hello World";

#10。 GoLang – Google的可扩展系统编程语言 (#10. GoLang – A scalable system programming language by Google)

Developed in the previous decade like Swift, Go was created by Google after realising that existing programming languages were not up to the task of efficiently handling its databases.


Go is a language renowned for its design, simplicity and ability to tackle the development scaling issue.


Go is easy to learn and provides an elegant yet powerful option for developers. Further, it is one of the fastest-growing programming languages today.

Go易于学习,为开发人员提供了一个优雅而强大的选择。 此外,它是当今增长最快的编程语言之一。

Go is widely used in the fields of system programming, serverless computing, IoT and cloud-native development.


Hello world code snippet in GoLang:


package main
import "fmt"
func main() 
     fmt.Println("Hello World")

最后… (Finally…)

This brings us to the end of this list of the top 10 best programming languages of 2020!


There is no best language, only one that fits your needs.


So what’s your favorite one out of this list? Or do you have another favorite?

那么,您最喜欢此列表中的哪一个? 还是您还有另一个收藏夹?

Drop a comment below and let us know!


翻译自: https://www.journaldev.com/43017/top-best-programming-languages


版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。



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